Kanchanjunga region lies on Nepal’s eastern border with Sikkim (India). This region is named after the world’s third highest mountain 'Kanchenjunga'. It is abundant in wildlife of various species like snow leopard, Tibetan wolf and red panda at large on the high mountain slopes with pine, oak and bamboo forests. In spring one can enjoy the sights of over 40 species of rhododendrons in full bloom.
In the year 1998 this region was opened for trekking with special permits but many mountain expedition groups had quite earlier accessed this region for their attempt to summit Mount Kanchanjunga, the world’s third highest mountain.
There are three trekking and climbing routes that lead to the base camp and summit of Mount Kanchanjunga. During the trek one can explore the villages in the lower valleys dominated by the Limbu, one of the ethnic groups of people and the Gurung, Rai and Sherpas in the high alpine terrain. Their culture and traditional lifestyle are not similar to each other. Very few people go trekking in Kanchanjunga region compared to other popular trekking regions in Nepal.
Most of the treks in Kanchanjunga region begins and ends at the small airstrip at Sukhetar in Taplejung district. Trekking to this region means a kind of venture into a rarely visited, un-spoilt area of Nepal where the hillsides are still densely forested and intrepid travelers get lot more opportunities to explore and enjoy the traditional culture of the native people. The trekking trails in this region follow the ancient paths which zigzag along scenic riverbanks, intricately terraced fields and forests connecting the interesting hamlets and mountain villages.
Kanchenjunga North and South Base Camp are two major treks in the Kanchanjunga region. During Kanchenjunga North Base Camp trek one can find accommodation a very basic and at higher altitudes just small stone huts, which are only open at peak times make camping a reasonable choice.